Building muscle is a comprehensive journey that goes beyond lifting weights and intense workouts. Achieving significant gains in strength and hypertrophy is as dependent on diet as it is on consistent exercise. This blog explores the crucial relationship between nutrition and muscle building, offering insights into macronutrients, calorie intake, and the importance of specific food choices.


Why Diet Matters in Muscle Building:

While clients may be eager to hit the gym, it’s essential to emphasize that body composition changes, including muscle gain, rely heavily on diet. Educating clients about the significance of macronutrients, overall calorie intake, and the right food choices is paramount for achieving optimal results in muscle development.


How Knowing What to Eat Leads to Better Results:

Muscle building involves breaking down and repairing muscle tissue through strength training. However, the body needs the right nutrients to construct new muscle tissue. Simply working out without adequate nutrition, particularly protein, can result in muscle loss. A proper diet not only fuels workouts but also supports the rebuilding of muscle tissue during recovery.


How Much to Eat When Building Muscle:

Determining the right calorie intake during a muscle-building phase varies for each individual. While muscle gains are gradual, consuming enough calories and adequate protein is essential. Clients should understand that the extra calories are directed towards muscle development, not fat gain, as long as they engage in the right workouts.


Protein—The Dietary Building Block:

Protein is crucial for muscle growth as it consists of amino acids, the building blocks necessary for repair and growth. While the average Western diet is protein-rich, active individuals, especially those aiming for muscle mass, must pay attention to actual protein intake. Recommendations from reputable sources suggest a range of protein intake for optimal muscle building.


Food for Muscle Building – Don’t Forget Carbohydrates:

While protein is vital, a balanced diet should not overlook other macronutrients. Carbohydrates, especially, are necessary for fueling intense workouts. Maintaining a balance between protein, carbs, and a moderate amount of fat in every meal is crucial for effective muscle development.


Is Fat an Important Muscle Building Food?

While fat is important, it’s generally easier to meet the body’s fat requirements through a balanced diet. Unsaturated fats are considered healthier options, while saturated and trans fats should be limited. Adequate protein and carbohydrate intake will often cover the necessary healthy fat requirements.


15 of the Best Muscle Building Foods:

Educating clients about high-quality protein sources is essential. Incorporating a variety of protein-rich foods into their diet ensures a well-rounded nutrient intake. This list includes foods rich in lean protein, micronutrients, and complex carbohydrates essential for muscle building.


  1. Eggs. One egg has about six grams of protein along with healthy fats and B vitamins. 
  2. Chicken. Choose chicken breast for a lean source of high quality protein, about 26 grams per three ounces. 
  3. Lean beef. Beef is a good protein choice as long as you stick with lean cuts. In addition to protein, it contains creatine, known to improve athletic performance and have other health benefits. 
  4. Cottage cheese. Depending on the type, cottage cheese can have as much as 25 grams of protein per serving, plus calcium. 
  5. Salmon. This fatty fish is rich in both protein and omega 3 fatty acids, which may contribute to muscle growth. 
  6. Beans. Black beans, kidney beans, pinto beans, and other varieties are a great lean protein source with 15 grams per cup. They also contain a lot of vitamins, minerals, and fibre. 
  7. Tofu. Made from soybeans, tofu is an important source of protein for vegetarians and vegans and is also rich in calcium.
  8. Tempeh. This fermented soybean product is less processed than tofu and so retains more micronutrients while also providing vegan protein. 
  9. Greek yogurt. Yogurt is a great snack and smoothie ingredient, but choose Greek yogurt for more protein. 
  10. Tuna. This is an easy protein to reach for as part of a meal or snack. It offers a lot of vitamins and 20 grams of protein in three ounces. 
  11. Protein powders. While whole foods are always best, protein powders can be a good way to add in extra grams per day. Whey protein powder is a great choice, as is pea protein powder for vegans. 
  12. Quinoa. This ancient grain contains about eight grams of protein per cup as well as 40 grams of complex carbs. 
  13. Brown rice. Brown rice has not been refined like white rice, so it contains more nutrients and protein. 
  14. Peanuts. This nut-like legume has 17 grams of protein in a half-cup.
  15. Nuts and seeds. Add a variety of nuts and seeds, including almonds, cashews, walnuts, sunflower seeds, pumpkin seeds, and others, for protein, carbs, and micronutrients.


Knowing What to Eat Also Means Avoiding Junk:

Maintaining the right balance of nutrients and calories is crucial when aiming for muscle gain without excess body fat. Clients should avoid empty calories from junk food, including alcohol, added sugars, fried, and processed foods, which can hinder muscle development and promote fat gain.



The journey to building muscle is a holistic process that combines effective workouts with a well-balanced diet. By understanding the critical role of nutrition in muscle building, clients can achieve better results, reach their strength goals sooner, and foster a healthier lifestyle. Emphasising the importance of food choices, macronutrients, and overall dietary balance empowers clients to make informed decisions that support their muscle-building journey.

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